INDUS WATER TREATY
Indus water Treaty is water treaty signed between India and Pakistan made by World Bank in 1960.It was signed in Karachi beteen Prime minister of India Jawaharlal nehru and president of pakistan Ayub Khan.It was signed just after the Independence.
This treaty deals with 6 rivers-
In this treaty the control of eastern rivers ,Beas ,Ravi,Sutlej was given to India .
While the control of western rivers -Indus,chenab ,Jhelum nwas Given to Pakistan.
This doen’t means that India can’t use these river water As these rivers flow through India .India was allow to use these rivers for Irrigation and power generation Purposes.
Pakistan feared that India could block these river during wars which are only source of Irrigation in Pakistan farmland.
Chenab and Jhelum get most of it’s water from India controlled territory while Indus gets most of it’s water from Pakistan controlled territory especially gilgit.
How will it effect pakistan?
-Indus water is used for Irrigation in plains in Indus valley civillizations and transportaion of goods.
-As Pakistan is basically a agro based country .It’s all economy is based on agriculture .Stopping Indus water would hamper the economy of Pakistan.
-80% of Pakistan Farmland’s depend on the Indus water for Irrigation,as Pakistan is a semi arid area.There will b drought like situation in pakistan if we stop the Indus water.
-These rivers are also used for transportation of goods and people.
-pakistan fish Industry flourish due to these rivers.
-Blockage of water would create drought situation ,while sudden release of water will create flash floods.
How will it effect India?
-India will get more share of water for irrigation J&K and Punjab and Himachal pradesh.But it will unusefull as there is lack of infrastructure now for the use.
-China may get the excuse of building more dams on Brahmaputra and we cannot forcibly oppose it.
-It will damage the dignity of India on global level.
-But it will bring green revolution in India and could resolve India’s water problem’s.
-With proper Infrastructure many power generations project can be created.
-It could create Waterways and open the door for economic and tourism development.
Why India is not Ending this Treaty!
-If India blocks water ,our won land will be submerge.
-Any blocking will cause further infiltrations by Pakistans
India’s Dam and reservoir will become a military target for pakistan.
-World bank is co-signitory it will support pakistan,if India withdraw’s from treaty.
Breaking the treaty would be unuseful to India beacause ,Presently there is no Infrastructure is there to hold extra water,and it will be nothing less than a decade if we start today.
In the past ,whenever India tried to build something on those 3 Western rivers Pakistan Objected and run to ICJ(International court of Justice).India stop’s the project or the work is delayed which cost India in terms of Money.